In 2015, the global community launched the 2030 Agenda, with 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that should be reached by 2030. Some progress has been made, but for most of the goals, the world is not on track to meet the deadline. Water can help us do better.
Groundwater is the regulator of the entire freshwater cycle, but its invisibility makes it difficult to manage and protect.
Many of the most pressing challenges in the world are about water: too little, too much or too inferior. Such challenges can only be effectively addressed through adequate governance of available water resources.
Water is a growing concern in many parts of the world. Countries can improve their water resilience through transboundary water cooperation over shared waters.
The climate crisis is essentially a water crisis. When we treat it as such, we get new tools to mitigate climate change and adapt to consequences that are unavoidable.
Insufficient supply and inadequate infrastructure leaves millions of people in the world without water.
How to increase the productivity of agriculture around the world through better water management.
The global COVID-19 pandemic has pushed millions of people back into poverty and exposed unacceptable gaps between the rich and the poor. One in three people are still not able to wash their hands with soap and water at home.
Will future wars be fought over water? The answer is probably no, but water scarcity can contribute to conflicts.
Indigenous peoples are the custodians of many of the world’s most fragile and important ecosystems. They also possess invaluable knowledge about sustainability and resilience, so they have a vital role in protecting our environment.
The source-to-sea approach focuses on the strong connection between what happens on land, along waterways, and in the sea.
A growing number of people, societies and companies are discovering the power of resilient landscapes. It is still possible to shift to more sustainable practices that recharge water, restore soil health, sequester carbon, and strengthen biodiversity – but we need to make the transformation now.
More than two billion people in the world lack safely managed drinking water and twice as many lack safely managed sanitation, making WASH one of the most urgent development challenges.
More and more young people offer important contributions to solving the growing water challenges they are inheriting.
Having access to water and sanitation has been recognized as a human right since 2010. But water is also essential to ensuring the fulfilment of many other rights.
The year 2020 marks the 10th anniversary of the United Nations resolution that recognized the human rights to water and sanitation (HRtWS), and is the last year of the second mandate of the Special Rapporteurs, spanning 12 years in total.
This paper discusses the challenges in the fulfilment of the rights through the work of the SRs, based on an analysis of the twenty-three country visits, seven follow-up reports, and twenty-two thematic reports elaborated during this time. While policy, regulation and finance receive the most attention from the SRs, the analysis of the follow-up reports show that the SRs’ recommendations alone might not be enough to trigger structural changes at country level. Aspects of accountability, equality and nondiscrimination also stand out in the work of the SRs. Based on the analysis, the last section identifies topics, settings, and groups that require further attention from a human rights perspective including: extraterritorial obligations, including transboundary waters; the UN and the HRtWS; climate change; public provision of water and sanitation services; drinking water quality control and surveillance; rural sanitation; indigenous peoples; sanitation workers; informal settlements; and capacity development.
This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Rights to Water and Sanitation.
Heller, L.; De Albuquerque, C.; Roaf, V.; Jiménez, A. Overview of 12 Years of Special Rapporteurs on the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation: Looking Forward to Future Challenges. Water 2020, 12, 2598.
Box 101 87
100 55 Stockholm, Sweden
+46 8 121 360 00
By Websearch andStrollo&Co
We usecookies on our websiteto make your experience better. Yourpersonal data is safeand we do not sell it to anyone.
The website is running without cookies, some features will not work.