Case Study.2022

Safeguarding Shared Interests Through Cross-Border Cooperation and Management

A case study of the Ethio-Djibouti Transboundary Water Project and the Afar Rift Valley/ Afar Triangle Aquifer

Map of case studyLocation of the study; the AF059 transboundary aquifer (from IGRAC and TWAP, 2015). General flow patterns inferred, based on findings by Ministry of Mines & Geological Survey of Ethiopia, 2018.

Since 2017, water-stressed Djibouti receives groundwater from a well-field in Ethiopia that may be part of a transboundary aquifer system. This report analyses the implications of the Ethio–Djibouti Transboundary Water Project in the light of international cooperation and human rights law. It finds that joint management to arrange and protect such water supplies are imperative in times of climate change and drought.