The International Centre for Water Cooperation generates new knowledge and ideas through empirical research together with strategic partners.
How do countries cooperate over shared water resources? Under which circumstances can environmental challenges be turned into opportunities for collaboration? What is the role of formal mechanisms for transboundary water cooperation? Can gender equality make peace processes more durable?
Questions like these are in focus at the International Centre for Water Cooperation. The research results are shared with target audiences and the general public through reports, peer-reviewed articles, and policy briefs. ICWC also compiles existing knowledge and produces syntheses of available research for easy access and use by political and technical actors.
This is ICWC
ICWC is the first UNESCO Category II centre focused on water cooperation for peace and regional development.About ICWC
The Research School for International Cooperation, hosted by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, plays an important role within the International Centre for Water Cooperation. The Research School conducts in-depth research on water cooperation in its broadest sense with a primary focus on water for peace and development.
By critically analyzing existing research on the linkage between water scarcity and international conflict and cooperation, the Research School has furthered our understanding of the mechanisms behind water as a bridge between parties sharing the resource. The research objective necessitates an interdisciplinary approach and collaborative understanding of the water management and its contribution to peace and development.
The research school is led by Ashok Swain, Professor of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University.
Swain, A., and Jägerskog, A. Handbook of Security and the Environment. Routledge Handbook.
Michel, D., Eriksson, M., Klimes, M. 2021: Climate change and (in)security in transboundary basins. In: Swain, A., and Jägerskog, A. Handbook of Security and the Environment. Routledge Handbook.
Schneider, K. 2021: “Satisfy people’s thirst for information. SIWI experience in training water journalists”. In: Dewedar R. (Ed.): Water Conflicts and Cooperation: a Media Handbook, 51-55. CABI. https://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/FullTextPDF/2020/20203532704.pdf
Sehring, J., ter Horst, R. and Said, A. 2021: ”Reporting on Water Diplomacy: Does Gender Matter?” In: Dewedar R. (Ed.): Water Conflicts and Cooperation: a Media Handbook, 22-25. CABI. https://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/FullTextPDF/2020/20203532704.pdf
Sundman, V., Dadvar, I., and Yaari, E. 2021: Making Waves: Youth Engagement in Water Diplomacy. Stockholm International Water Institute. Stockholm, Sweden. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/SIWI_working_paper_making_waves_youth_engagement_in_water_diplomacy.pdf
Grech-Madin, C. 2020. The Water Taboo – Restraining the weaponization of water in international conflict. Report No. 119. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. ISBN 978-91-506-2795-4. http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1372496&dswid=-1069
Döring, S. 2020: “From Bullets to Boreholes: A Disaggregated Analysis of Domestic Water Cooperation in Drought-prone Regions,” Global Environmental Change, Vol. 65, 102147, 2020. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378020307305?via%3Dihub
Döring, S. 2020: “Come Rain, or Come Wells: How Access to Groundwater Affects Communal Violence,” Political Geography, 76(1), 102073, 2020. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0962629818303548?via%3Dihub
Swain, A., & Öjendal, J., eds., 2020: Routledge Handbook of Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding (London: Routledge). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Environmental-Conflict-and-Peacebuilding/Swain-Ojendal/p/book/9780367521523
Krampe, Florian. 2020. Environmental Peacebuilding in Nepal: Lessons from Nepal’s Micro-Hydropower Projects. In: Swain, A. & Öjendal, J., Routledge Handbook on Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding, 231-244, (London: Routledge). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Environmental-Conflict-and-Peacebuilding/Swain-Ojendal/p/book/9780367521523
Swain, A. & Öjendal, J., 2020. Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding: An Introduction. In: Swain, A. & Öjendal, J., Routledge Handbook on Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding, 1-13, (London: Routledge). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Environmental-Conflict-and-Peacebuilding/Swain-Ojendal/p/book/9780367521523
Vink, M., 2020. The role of water diplomacy in peacebuilding. In: Swain, A. & Öjendal, J., Routledge Handbook on Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding, 283-294, (London: Routledge). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Environmental-Conflict-and-Peacebuilding/Swain-Ojendal/p/book/9780367521523
Eriksson, M. and Said. S., 2020. Capacity-building needs assessment to enhance financing for water infrastructure projects in Africa. Presentation of six cases. A report by the Africa-EU Water Partnership Project. Stockholm: International Centre for Water Cooperation, Stockholm International Water Institute. https://siwi.org/publications/capacity-building-needs-assessment-to-enhance-financing-for-water-infrastructure-projects-in-africa/
Grönwall, J., 2020. Large dams and human rights obligations: The case of the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project on the border between India and Nepal. Stockholm: International Centre for Water Cooperation, Stockholm International Water Institute. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Report_ICWC_HRBA_2020_WEB.pdf
ICWC, 2020: Stories from the eastern Nile river basin. Journalists’ report on the environment. International Centre for Water Cooperation, Stockholm International Water Institute. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/NileReport_final_rev2_WEB.pdf
Klimes, M., 2020, ‘Water Diplomacy and Sustainable Water Management in Mesopotamia’ in MENA’s Fertile Crescent in the Time of Dry Geopolitics, Italian Institute for International Political Studies. https://www.ispionline.it/en/pubblicazione/water-diplomacy-and-sustainable-management-mesopotamia-25178
Said, A., Saikia, P. & Klimes, M. 2020: Tracing Intersections of COVID-19: Gender, Water and Armed Conflicts. UI Paper no. 7, October 2020. https://www.ui.se/butiken/uis-publikationer/ui-paper/2020/tracing-intersections-of-covid-19-gender-water-and-armed-conflicts/
Swain, A. 2020: “Climate Change, Collective Action, and Peaceful Change” in T.V. Paul, Deborah Welch Larson, Harold A. Trinkunas, Anders Wivel, and Ralf Emmers, The Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020). https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190097356.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780190097356-e-21
Yaari, E. and Klimes, M., “Water – A Shared Resource Requiring Inclusive Water Diplomacy”, Rural 21, The International Journal of Rural Development, March 2020. https://www.rural21.com/english/current-issue/detail/article/water-a-shared-resource-requiring-inclusive-water-diplomacy.html?no_cache=1
A blog was published on effective Public Private Partnership (PPP) for water infrastructure highlighting ways local governments bridge water infrastructure financing gaps and encourage private investment. (Feb 2020) (https://siwi.org/latest/public-private-partnerships-for-water-infrastructure/)
A call to action from journalists of the Nile. (May 2020) https://siwi.org/latest/a-call-to-action-from-journalists-of-the-nile/
Blog published on “Human rights at stake in planned hydropower scheme”, presenting the human rights obligations when planning for large water infrastructure investments. (July 2020) https://siwi.org/latest/new-study-analyses-the-human-rights-and-obligations-at-stake-in-the-case-of-a-planned-hydropower-scheme-the-pancheshwar-multipurpose-project-dams-can-provide-clean-renewable-energy-irrigation-oppo/
Blog published on the need to bridge the gap between infrastructure investment needs and financial resources: “Capacity building is key to increasing water infrastructure investments in Africa” (Oct. 2020) https://siwi.org/latest/capacity-building-is-key-to-increasing-water-infrastructure-investments-in-africa/
Klimes, M. Guest Editor, Special Issue for the Journal of Hydrology on Water Diplomacy: Bridging Science, Policy and Practice. (13 articles in the Special Issue – https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-hydrology/special-issue/10WN60270MX
Klimes, M., Michel, D, Yaari, E., Restiani, P. (2019). “Water diplomacy: The intersect of science, policy and practice”, Journal of Hydrology, 575, 1362-1370. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022169419302069
Mukherji, A., Sinisalo, A., Nüsser, M., Garrard, R. and Eriksson, M., 2019: Contributions of the cryosphere to mountain communities in the Hindu Kush Himalaya: a review. Regional Environmental Change. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-019-01484-w
Jägerskog, A., Schulz, M. & Swain, A. (eds.), 2019. Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security (London: Routledge, 2019). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-on-Middle-East-Security/Jagerskog-Schulz-Swain/p/book/9780367659561#
Klimes, M. and Yaari, E., 2019. Water and Security in the Middle East – Opportunities and Challenges for Water Diplomacy. In: Jägerskog, A, Schulz, M. & Swain, A. 2019. Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security. London: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-on-Middle-East-Security/Jagerskog-Schulz-Swain/p/book/9780367659561#
Krampe, F., Jägerskog, A. & Swain, A., 2019. Environment and Human Security. Book chapter in preparation for Routledge Handbook of Environmental Security edited by Richard Matthew. London: Routledge.
Krampe, F. & Smith, D., 2019. Climate-Related Security Risks in the Middle East. In: Jägerskog, A., Schulz, M. & Swain, A. (eds.) Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security. London: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-on-Middle-East-Security/Jagerskog-Schulz-Swain/p/book/9780367659561#
Fowler, L.B. & Swain, A., 2020. Chapter on International Joint Commissions for the Settlement of Water Disputes. Submitted to the Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law (EiPro). https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law-mpeipro/e2687.013.2687/law-mpeipro-e2687
Jägerskog, a., Schulz, M. & Swain, A., 2019. Perspectives on Middle East Security: An Introduction. In: Jägerskog, A., Schulz, M. & Swain, A., (eds.) Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security (London: Routledge, 2019). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-on-Middle-East-Security/Jagerskog-Schulz-Swain/p/book/9780367659561#
Swain, A. & Hall, J., 2019. Large-Scale Population Migration and Insecurity in the Middle East. In: Jägerskog, A., Schulz, M & Swain, A., (eds.) Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security (London: Routledge, 2019). https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-on-Middle-East-Security/Jagerskog-Schulz-Swain/p/book/9780367659561#
Grech-Madin, C., Döring, S., Kim, K. and Swain, A. 2019, “Repacking the Policy Toolbox of Water Diplomacy,” Global Water Forum. https://globalwaterforum.org/2019/05/21/repacking-the-policy-toolbox-of-water-diplomacy/
Klimes, M. 2019. Waves of Fake News in Transboundary Waters – the need for communication resilience. Global Water Forum. https://globalwaterforum.org/2019/12/17/waves-of-fake-news-in-transboundary-waters-the-need-for-communication-resilience/
Klimes, M. & Yaari, E. 2019. Water diplomacy – facilitating dialogues. SIWI policy Brief. Stockholm International Water Institute. Stockholm, Sweden. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/HLPF-Policy-Brief-3-july-Web.pdf
Swain, A. Increasing Migration Pressure and Rising Nationalism: Implications for Multilateralism and SDG Implementation, Background Paper Prepared for the Development Policy Analysis Division of the United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs, June 2019. https://www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/wp-content/uploads/sites/45/publication/SDO_BP_Swain.pdf
Troell, J. and Yaari, E. (2019) Tapping our Potential: Women’s Water Leadership in the Nile Basin. Stockholm International Water Institute. Stockholm, Sweden. https://siwi.org/publications/tapping-our-potential-womens-water-leadership-in-the-nile-basin/
Eriksson, M. & Vink, M. 2019. Climate change can cause cascading security risks. Blog post on the SIWI website: https://siwi.org/latest/climate-change-can-cause-cascading-security-risks/
Grech-Madin, C. 2019, “Climate Security: Moving Towards Reduced Insecurity,” Stockholm Climate Security Hub. Blog post on the Stockholm Climate Security Hub website: https://www.climatesecurityhub.org/updates/climate-security-moving-towards-reduced-insecurity/
Grech-Madin, C., Tritschoks, A. and Klimes, M. 2019. Managing Water in Trying Times: Striving for Inclusive Water Diplomacy. Blog post on SIWI website: https://siwi.org/latest/managing-water-in-trying-times-striving-for-inclusive-water-diplomacy/
Klimes, M. 2019. Living without water means living without hope. Blog post on the Stockholm Climate Security Hub website: https://www.climatesecurityhub.org/updates/water-diplomacy/
Klimes, M. & Yaari, E. 2019. Lessons from working with water diplomacy in the Middle East. Blog post on the Stockholm Climate Security Hub website: https://siwi.org/latest/lessons-from-working-with-water-diplomacy-in-the-middle-east/
Vink, M. 2019. Laureate shows the way to peaceful cooperation. Blog post on the Stockholm Climate Security Hub website: https://www.climatesecurityhub.org/updates/laureate-shows-the-way-to-peaceful-cooperation/
Yaari, E. 2019. Elevating our diverse values of water. Blog post on SIWI website: https://siwi.org/latest/elevating-our-diverse-values-of-water/
Yaari, E. 2019. New perspectives at the Fore: Gearing up for the 2019 SIWI High Level Panel on Water Diplomacy. Blog post on SIWI website: https://siwi.org/latest/new-perspectives-at-the-fore-gearing-up-for-the-2019-siwi-high-level-panel-on-water-diplomacy/
Eriksson, M., Samuelson, L., Jägrud, L., Mattsson E., Celander, T., Malmer, A., Bengtsson, K., Johansson, O., Schaaf, N., Svending, O., Tengberg, A., 2018: Water, Forests, People – The Swedish Experience in Building Resilient Landscapes. Environmental Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-018-1066-x.
Krampe, F., 2018: Water Service Provision and Peacebuilding in East Timor – Exploring the socio-ecological determinants of sustaining peace, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. 12(2): 185-207. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17502977.2018.1466945
Krampe, F. & Mobjörk, M., 2018: Responding to Climate-Related Security Risks – Reviewing Regional Organizations in Asia and Africa. Current Climate Change Reports, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-018-0118-x.
Grech-Madin, C., Döring, S., Kim, K. and Swain, A., 2018: Negotiating water across levels: A peace and conflict “toolbox” for water diplomacy. Journal of Hydrology, 559, 100–109. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022169418300842
Swatuk, L., Wirkus, L., Krampe, F., Thomas, B. & da Silva, L.P., The Boomerang Effect: Overview and Implications for Climate Governance. In: Larry A. Swatuk and Lars Wirkus (Eds) Water, Climate Change and the Boomerang Effect: Unintentional Consequences for Resource Insecurity. London & New York: Earthscan. https://www.routledge.com/Water-Climate-Change-and-the-Boomerang-Effect-Unintentional-Consequences/Swatuk-Wirkus/p/book/9780367588144
Yasuda, Y., Hill, D., Aich, D., Huntjens, P. & Swain, A., 2018: “Multi-track Water Diplomacy: Current and Potential Future Cooperation over the Brahmaputra River Basin”, Water International, vol. 43, 642-664. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02508060.2018.1503446
Zawahri N. & Michel, D., 2018: Assessing the Indus Water Treaty from a comparative perspective, Water International, vol. 43, 696-712. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02508060.2018.1498994
Swain, A., 2018: “The Ganges River Water Sharing Agreement between Bangladesh and India: In Search of New Mechanisms to Meet New Challenges”, Enamul Choudhury & Shafiqul Islam, eds., Complexity of Transboundary Water Conflicts: Enabling Conditions for Negotiating Contingent Resolutions (London: Anthem), 2018. https://anthempress.com/complexity-of-transboundary-water-conflicts-hb
Davis, P., Dikito-Wachtmeister, M., Ziganshina, D. & Swain, A., 2018: Political Economy Analysis of Asia’s International Rivers, A Report Prepared for the Department for International Development (DFID), UK., November 2018.
Krampe, F., Scassa, R. and Mitotta, G., 2018: Responses to climate-related security risks: Regional organizations in Asia and Africa. SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security 2018/2. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1244630/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Nordqvist, P. and Krampe, F., 2018: Climate change and violent conflict: Sparse evidence from South Asia and South East Asia. SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security 2018/4. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1257509/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Swain, A., 2018: Analyzing Conflict and Cooperation in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Salween River Basins, A Report Prepared for the Trans-Boundary Rivers of (South) Asia (TROSA), OXFAM, March 2018.
Klomjit, C., Neal (Patrick), M., Schneider, K., Vink, M., Yaari, E., Motta, S. and Van Cauwenberg, N. 2017. Towards a Multi-Stakeholder Platform in the Mekong Basin. SIWI partner publication. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/MSPlatform-Mekong_WEB.pdf
Kim, K. and Swain, A. 2017. Crime, Corruption, Terrorism, and Beyond: A Typology of Water Crime. In: Davlaeminck, D., Adeel, Z. and Sanford, R. (eds.), The Human Face of Water Security. Switzerland: Springer, pp. 95-112. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1089100&dswid=-26
Pohl, B. and Swain, A. 2017. Leveraging Diplomacy for Resolving Transboundary Water Problems. In: Islam, S. and Madani, K. (eds.), Water Diplomacy in Action: Contingent Approaches to Managing Complex Water Problems. London: Anthem Press, 2017, pp. 19-36. https://anthempress.com/water-diplomacy-in-action-pb
Swain, A. 2017. Water Insecurity in the Indus Basin: The Costs of Noncooperation. In: Adeel Z. and Wirsing, R.G. (eds.) Imagining Industan: Overcoming Water Insecurity in the Indus Basin Switzerland: Springer, pp. 37-48. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319328430
Yasuda, Y., Aich, D., Hill, D., Huntjens, P., Swain, A., 2017. Transboundary Water Cooperation over the Brahmaputra River: Legal Political Economy Analysis of Current and Future Potential Cooperation. The Hague Institute for Global Justice. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Brahmaputra-basin-report-final_design.pdf
Yasuda, Y., Schillinger, J., Huntjens, P. Alofs, C., De Man, R., 2017. Transboundary Water Cooperation over the lower part of the Jordan River Basin: Legal Political Economy Analysis of Current and Future Potential Cooperation. The Hague Institute for Global Justice. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Jordan-Basin-Report_design.pdf
Yihdegoa, Z., Rieu-Clarke, A. and Cascão, A.E. 2017. A Multi-disciplinary Analysis of the Risks and Opportunities of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam for Wider Cooperation in the Nile. In: Yihdego, Z., Rieu-Clarke, A. and Cascão, A.E. (eds.): The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and the Nile Basin – Implications for Transboundary Water Cooperation. Taylor & Francis Group. 242 pp. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315160122
Cascão, A.E. and Nicol, A. 2016. GERD: new norms of cooperation in the Nile Basin? Water International. DOI: 10.1080/02508060.2016.1180763. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02508060.2016.1180763?scroll=top&needAccess=true
Cascão, A.E. and Nicol, A. 2016. Sudan, ‘kingmaker’ in a new Nile hydropolitics. In: Emil Sandstrom, Anders Jagerskog, Terje Oestigaard: Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments. Earthscan. https://www.routledge.com/Land-and-Hydropolitics-in-the-Nile-River-Basin-Challenges-and-new-investments/Sandstrom-Jagerskog-Oestigaard/p/book/9780367029692
Swain, A. and Jägerskog, A., 2016. Emerging Security Threats in the Middle East: The Impact of Climate Change and Globalization. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 193 pages. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781442247642/Emerging-Security-Threats-in-the-Middle-East-The-Impact-of-Climate-Change-and-Globalization
Swain A., 2016. Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. Hydrological Science Journal, Vol. 16, Issue 7: 1313-1322. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02626667.2015.1081390
Swain, A. 2016. Running Dry: Water, Development and Conflict. Jean Grugel & Daniel Hammett, eds. The Palgrave Handbook of International Development. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 749-762. https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9781137427236#aboutBook
Swain, A. 2016. As alteracoes climaticas e a seguranca. In: Duque, R., Noivo D. and de Almeida Silva, T. (eds.) Segurança Contemporânea, Lisboa: Pactor. https://www.academia.edu/22111834/Ashok_Swain_As_alteracoes_climaticas_e_a_seguranca_in_Seguran%C3%A7a_Contempor%C3%A2nea_eds_Raquel_Duque_Diogo_Noivo_and_Teresa_de_Almeida_Silva_Pactor_Lisboa?auto=download
Jägerskog, A. and Swain, A. 2016. Water, Migration and How They Are Interlinked. Stockholm: SIWI Working Paper 27. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-Water-Report-Chapter-1-FINAL-Web.pdf
Yaari, E; Neal (Patrick), M. and Shubber, Z. 2016. Policy Brief: Governance structures for transboundary water management in the Jordan Basin. Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm. SIWI Policy Brief. https://siwi.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/PB-Basin-Structure-TWM-web.pdf
Yihdego, Z., Rieu-Clarke, A. and Cascão, A.E., 2016. How has the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam changed the legal, political, economic and scientific dynamics in the Nile Basin? Water International. DOI: 10.1080/02508060.2016.1209008. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02508060.2016.1209008
Zeitoun, M., Cascao, A.E., Warner, J., Mirumachi, N., Matthews, N., Menga, F. and Farnum, R. 2016. Transboundary water interaction III: contestand compliance. International Environmental Agreements 17(2). DOI: 10.1007/s10784-016-9325-x. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10784-016-9325-x
Cascão, A.E., Schneider, K., Earle, A., Joyce J. and Jägerskog, A. 2015. The Role of Energy in Transboundary Water Governance. International Journal of Water Governance. Issue 01 (2015) 1–8. IntroductionTheRoleofEnergyinTransboundaryWaterGovernance
Earle, A., Cascao, A.E., Hansson, S., Jägerskog, A., Swain, A. and Öjendal, J., 2015. Transboundary Water Management and the Climate Change Debate. London: Routledge, 202 pages. https://www.routledge.com/Transboundary-Water-Management-and-the-Climate-Change-Debate/Earle-Cascao-Hansson-Jagerskog-Swain-Ojendal/p/book/9780415835152
Swain, A., 2015. Climate Change: Threat to National Security. In: Bearfield, D.A., Berman, E.M. and Dubnick, M.J., eds., Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, Third Edition, London: CRC Press. https://www.routledge.com/Encyclopedia-of-Public-Administration-and-Public-Policy—5-Volume-Set/Bearfield-Berman-Dubnick/p/book/9781466569096
Swain, A. 2015. Water Wars. In: Wright, J.D. (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol. 25, Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 443–447.
Yaari, E., Neal (Patrick), M.J., Shubber, Z. 2015. Governance structures for transboundary water management in the Jordan Basin. Report, Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm. Available at: https://siwi.org/publications/governance-structures-for-transboundary-water-management-in-the-jordan-basin-2/
Jägerskog, A., Swain A. and Öjendal, J. (eds.) 2014, Water Security (4 Volume Set) London: Sage Publications Ltd. Volume One: Water Security – Origin and foundations; Volume Two: Water Security – International conflict and cooperation; Volume Three: Water Security and Development – An intimate relation; Volume Four: The Age of Water Security – Current dilemmas and future challenges. Vol1intro1
Pohl, B., Carius, A., Conca, K., Dabelko, G.D., Kramer, A., Michel, D., Schmeier, S., Swain, A. and Wolf, A. 2014. The Rise of Hydro-Diplomacy. Strengthening foreign policy for transboundary waters. Berlin: Adelphi. https://www.adelphi.de/en/system/files/mediathek/bilder/the_rise_of_hydro-diplomacy_adelphi.pdf
The Research School for International Water Cooperation
The Research School for International Water Cooperation aims to address water cooperation in its broadest sense with a primary focus on water for peace and development. By critically analyzing existing research on the linkage between water scarcity and international conflict, and cooperation it improves our understanding of the mechanisms behind water-induced peace.
The research school has been established at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University as part of ICWC. The first PhD was completed in 2020 with two additional dissertations being finalized in 2021.